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Social Complexity at Cahokia - Readings

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[Social Complexity at Cahokia]


These are basic resources that will form the basic data for our discussions. Please have read at least the core readings (if you have not already done so) before coming to the meeting. Copies will be available during the meeting at the SFI library. If you have any trouble obtaining copies of the readings, please contact Peter Peregrine and he will arrange access for you.


Core Readings

Emerson, Thomas E. 1997 Cahokia and the Archaeology of Power. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.

Iseminger, William 2010 Cahokia Mounds: America’s First City. Charleston: The History Press.

Milner, George R. 1998 The Cahokia Chiefdom: The Archaeology of a Mississippian Society. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Pauketat, Timothy R. 2004 Ancient Cahokia and the Mississippians. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Pauketat, Timothy R. and Thomas E. Emerson, eds. 1997 Cahokia: Domination and Ideology in the Mississippian World. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Trigger, Bruce G. 2003 Understanding Early Civilizations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Additional Readings

Ahler, Steve A. and P.J. DePuydt 1987 A Report on the 1931 Powell Mound Excavations, Madison County, Illinois (Reports of Investigations, No. 43). Springfield: Illinois State Museum.

Alt, Susan 2008 Unwilling Immigrants: Culture, Change, and the “Other” in Mississippian Societies, in Invisible Citizens: Slavery in Ancient Pre-State Societies, C.M. Cameron, Editor. University of Utah Press: Salt Lake City. p. 205-222.

Alt, Susan 2012 Making Mississippian at Cahokia, in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology, T.R. Pauketat, Editor. Oxford University Press: Oxford. p. 497-508.

Arnold, Bettina and D. Blair Gibson, eds. 1995 Celtic Chiefdom, Celtic State: The Evolution of Complex Social Systems in Prehistoric Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cobb, Charles R. 2003 Mississippian Chiefdoms: How Complex? Annual Review of Anthropology 32:63-84.

Collins, James M. 1990 The Archaeology of the Cahokia Mounds ICT-II: Site Structure (Illinois Cultural Resources Study, No. 10). Springfield: Illinois Historic Preservation Agency.

Crown, Patricia L., Thomas E. Emerson, Jiyan Gu, W. Jeffrey Hurst, Timothy R. Pauketat, and Timothy Ward 2012 Ritual Black Drink Consumption at Cahokia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States Vol. 109(35):13944-13949.

DeMott, Rodney C., Derrick J. Marcucci, and Joyce A. Williams 1993 The Archaeology of the Cahokia Mounds ICT-II: Testing and Lithics (Illinois Cultural Resources Study, No. 9). Springfield: Illinois Historic Preservation Agency.

Emerson, Thomas 1989 Water, Serpents, and the Underworld: An Exploration into Cahokia Symbolism, in The Southeastern Ceremonial Complex: Artifacts and Analysis, P. Galloway, Editor. University of Nebraska Press: Lincoln. p. 45-92.

Emerson, Thomas 1991 Some Perspectives on Cahokia and the Northern Mississippian Expansion, in Cahokia and the Hinterlands: Middle Mississippian Cultures of the Midwest, T.E. Emerson and R.B. Lewis, Editors. University of Illinois Press: Urbana. p. 221-236.

Emerson, Thomas 2002 An Introduction to Cahokia 2002: Diversity, Complexity, and History. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology 27(2): 127-148.

Emerson, Thomas 2003 Materializing Cahokia Shamans. Southeastern Archaeology 22(2): 135-154.

Emerson, Thomas 2007 Cahokia and the Evidence for Late Pre-Columbian War in the North American Midcontinent, in North American Indigenous Warfare and Ritual Violence, R.J. Chacon and R.G. Mendoza, Editors. University of Arizona Press: Tucson. p. 129-148.

Emerson, Thomas, Susan Alt, and Timothy Pauketat 2008 Locating American Indian Religion at Cahokia and Beyond, in Religion, Archaeology, and the Material World, L. Fogelin, Editor. Center for Archaeological Investigations, Occasional Paper No. 36, Southern Illinois University: Carbondale. p. 216-236.

Emerson, Thomas and J. Girard 2004 Dating Gahagan and its Implications for Understanding Cahokia-Caddo Interactions. Southeastern Archaeology 23(1):57-64.

Emerson, Thomas, Eve Hargrave, and Kristin Hedman 2003 Death and Ritual in Early Rural Cahokia. In Theory, Method, and Practice in Modern Archaeology, edited by R. J. Jeske, and D. K. Charles, pp. 163-181. Praeger, Westport, CT.

Emerson, Thomas and R. Hughes). 2001 De-Mything the Cahokia Catlinite Trade. Plains Anthropologist 46(176):149-161.

Emerson, Thomas, R. Hughes, M. Hynes, S. Wisseman 2003 The Sourcing and Interpretation of Cahokia-Style Figures in the Trans-Mississippi South and Southeast. American Antiquity 68(2): 287-314.

Emerson, Thomas, B. Koldehoff, and T. Pauketat 2000 Serpents, Female Deities, and Fertility Symbolism in the Early Cahokian Countryside. Mounds, Modoc, and Mesoamerica: Papers In Honor of Melvin L. Fowler, edited by Steven R. Ahler, pp. 511-522. Illinois State Museum, Scientific Papers Series Vol. XXVIII. Springfield.

Emerson, Thomas and Timothy Pauketat 2008 Historical-Processual Archaeology and Culture Making: Unpacking the Southern Cult and Mississippian Religion. Belief in the Past: Theoretical Approaches to the Archaeology of Religion, edited by David S. Whitley and Kelley Hays-Gilpin, pp.167-188. Left Coast Press, Walnut Creek, CA.

Feinman, Gary M. and Joyce Marcus, eds 1998 Archaic States. Santa Fe: SAR Press.

Flannery, Kent and Joyce Marcus 2012 The Creation of Inequality. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Fortes, Meyer and E.E. Evans-Pritchard 1940 African Political Systems. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Fortier, Andrew C. ed. 2007 The Archaeology of the East St. Louis Mound Center, Part II: Northside Excavations. (Transportation Archaeological Research Reports, No. 22) Urbana: Illinois Department of Transportation.

Fowler, Melvin, ed. 1969 Explorations into Cahokia Archaeology. Illinois Archaeological Survey, Bulletin 7.

Fowler, Melvin 1989 The Cahokia Atlas (Studies in Illinois Archaeology, No. 6). Springfield: Illinois Historic Preservation Agency.

Fowler, Melvin, Jerome Rose, Barbara Vander Leest, and Steven Ahler 1991 The Mound 72 Area. Illinois State Museum, Reports of Investigations, No. 54

Gallivan, Martin D. 2003 James River Chiefdoms: The Rise of Social Inequality in the Chesapeake. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Hally, David J. 1993 The Territorial Size of Mississippian Chiefdoms. In J.B. Stoltman, ed., Archaeology of Eastern North America: Papers in Honor of Stephen Williams. Jackson: Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Archaeological Report 25: 143-168.

Holley, George R. 1989 The Archaeology of the Cahokia Mounds ICT-II: Ceramics. (Illinois Cultural Resources Study, No. 11). Springfield: Illinois Historic Preservation Agency.

Iseminger, William R., Timothy R. Pauketat, Brad Koldehoff, Lucretia S. Kelly, and Leonard Blake 1990 Archaeology of the Cahokia Palisade: The East Palisade Investigations. (Illinois Cultural Resources Study, No. 14). Springfield: Illinois Historic Preservation Agency.

Knight, Vernon James and Vincas P. Steponaitis 1998 Archaeology of the Moundville Chiefdom. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Kosse, Krisztina 1990 Group Size and Societal Complexity: Thresholds in the Long-Term Memory. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 9:275-303.

Mehrer, Mark W. 1995 Cahokia's Countryside: Household Archaeology, Settlement Patterns, and Social Power. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press,.

Milner, George R. 1999 Warfare in Prehistoric and Early Historic Eastern North America. Journal of Archaeological Research 7:105-151.

Neitzel, Jill E. 1999 Great Towns and Regional Polities in the Prehistoric American Southwest and Southeast. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Nichols, Deborah L. and Thomas H. Charlton, eds. 1997 The Archaeology of City-States: Cross-Cultural Approaches. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Pauketat, Timothy R. 1990 The Archaeology of Downtown Cahokia: The Tract 15A and Dunham Tract Excavations. (Studies in Illinois Archaeology, No. 1). Springfield: Illinois Historic Preservation Agency.

Pauketat, Timothy R. 1993 Temples for Cahokia’s Lords: Preston Holder’s 1955-1956 Excavations of Kunnemann Mound (Museum of Anthropology Memoir 26). Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.

Pauketat, Timothy R. 1998 Refiguring the Archaeology of Greater Cahokia. Journal of Archaeological Research 6:45-89.

Pauketat, Timothy R. 2003 Resettled Farmers and the Making of a Mississippian Polity. American Antiquity 68: p. 39-66.

Pauketat, Timothy R. ed. 2005 The Archaeology of the East St. Louis Mound Center, Part I: Southside Excavations. (Transportation Archaeological Reseach Reports, No. 21) Urbana: Illinois Department of Transportation.

Pauketat, Timothy R. 2007 Chiefdoms and Other Archaeological Delusions. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira.

Pauketat, Timothy R. and Susuan Alt 2004 The Making and Meaning of a Mississippian Axe-head Cache. Antiquity 78: p. 779-797.

Pauketat, Timothy R. and Thomas Emerson 1991 The Ideology of Authority and the Power of the Pot. American Anthropologist 93(4): p. 919-941.

Pauketat, Timothy R. and Thomas Emerson 1999 Representations of Hegemony as Community at Cahokia Material Symbols: Culture and Economy in Prehistory, edited by J. Robb, pp. 302-317. Center for Archaeological Investigations, Occasional Paper No. 26, Carbondale, Illinois.

Pauketat, Timothy R., Lucretia S. Kelly, Gayle J. Fritz, Neal H. Lopinot, Scott Elias, and Eve Hargrave 2002 The Residues of Feasting and Public Ritual at Early Cahokia. American Antiquity 67: p. 257-279.

Redmond, Elsa and Charles Spencer 2012 Chiefdoms at the Threshold: The Competitive Origins of the Primary State. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 31:22-37.

Smith, Marvin T. 2000 Coosa: The Rise and Fall of a Southeastern Mississippian Chiefdom. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.

Smith, Michael E., ed. 2012 The Comparative Archaeology of Complex Societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.