Actions

Difference between revisions of "Module:Emergence"

From Santa Fe Institute Events Wiki

(Created page with '{{Complex Systems Summer School 2011 Modules}} Organized by Simon DeDeo and James O'Dwyer')
 
 
(19 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
Line 2: Line 2:
  
 
Organized by [[Simon DeDeo]] and [[James O'Dwyer]]
 
Organized by [[Simon DeDeo]] and [[James O'Dwyer]]
 +
 +
==Practical==
 +
 +
For the upcoming Emergence module, there will be two options at the practical Tuesday afternoon:
 +
 +
1. for those who have group projects that they are excited about, James and I will join in discussions about how concepts and tools from the lectures can be usefully applied.
 +
 +
2. for those who want focused practice, we will have a guided practical, [http://tuvalu.santafe.edu/~simon/practical.pdf outlined on the worksheet], on topological defects and the dynamics of phase transitions as applied to physical, biological and social systems.
 +
 +
==Readings==
 +
 +
===Simon DeDeo===
 +
 +
<b>[http://tuvalu.santafe.edu/~simon/page6/page6.html Simon's Lectures Page (slides, notes, etc)]</b><br>
 +
 +
''Some influential views on emergence''
 +
 +
*[http://robotics.cs.tamu.edu/dshell/cs689/papers/anderson72more_is_different.pdf "More is Different"] (P.W. Anderson)
 +
*[http://tuvalu.santafe.edu/~cmg/compmech/pubs/CalcEmergTitlePage.html The Calculi of Emergence] & [http://informatics.indiana.edu/larryy/al4ai/extras/CrutchfieldYoung.CompOnsetChaos.pdf Computation at the Onset of Chaos] (J. Crutchfield, et al.)
 +
*[http://www.jstor.org/stable/2216138 Weak Emergence] (M. Bedau; I disagree with MB, but his view is popular and held by many respectable people.)
 +
 +
''Background concepts, tools and techniques''
 +
 +
Many different fields invent similar tools to study emergent phenomena; browse through these below as you like, following in greater depth those that fit your skill set and interests.
 +
 +
*[http://rmp.aps.org/abstract/RMP/v71/i2/pS358_1 Scaling, Universality, and Renormalization: Three pillars of modern critical phenomena] (E. Stanley; physics-centric, but not too painful.)
 +
*[http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/93/ Effective Field Theories, Reductionism and Scientific Explanation] (S. Hartmann; a philosopher of science looks in detail at the methods of Effective ''Field'' Theories in Quantum Fields, a case study for many of the concepts that will appear during the module.)
 +
*[http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/supervenience/ Stanford Encyclopedia entry on Supervenience] (a useful concept to keep in mind when thinking about higher-level, or emergent, properties in a system.)
 +
*[http://santafe.edu/~simon/levels_of_selection_wilson.pdf Levels of Selection: An Alternative to Individualism in the Biological and Social Sciences] (David Sloan Wilson; a nice example of the importance of levels thinking, and how aggregate properties and laws arise.)
 +
 +
''Useful, but not directly related''
 +
 +
*[http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PR/v106/i4/p620_1 Information Theory and Statistical Mechanics] (E.T. Jaynes; technical paper. The foundation of Maximum Entropy methods, that show how to extend thermodynamic analogies to non-physical systems and inference problems.)
 +
 +
===James O'Dwyer===
 +
 +
[[Media:O'Dwyer,_Green_-_Ecology_letters_-_2010_-_Field_theory_for_biogeography_a_spatially_explicit_model_for_predicting_patterns_of_biodiversity.pdf‎ | Predicting patterns in biodiversity]]
 +
 +
[[Media:Newman,_Watts_-_Unknown_-_Unknown_-_Renormalization_group_analysis_of_the_small-world_network_model.pdf‎  | Renormalization group analysis of small world network model]]
 +
 +
[[Media:Hartnoll_-_Unknown_-_2009_-_Lectures_on_holographic_methods_for_condensed_matter_physics.pdf‎  | Holographic models for condensed matter physics]]
 +
 +
 +
<b>Slides</b><br>
 +
[[Media: Csss1v2.pdf‎ | O'Dwyer Lecture 1]]<br>
 +
[[Media: Csss2v2.pdf‎  | O'Dwyer Lecture 2]]
 +
===Iain Couzin===
 +
 +
(Content from the 2009/2010 Wikis)
 +
 +
*[http://webscript.princeton.edu/%7Eicouzin/website/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/couzin10.pdf Complexity. An Informative Itinerary]
 +
*[http://webscript.princeton.edu/%7Eicouzin/website/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/couzin09.pdf Collective Cognition in Animal Groups]
 +
*[http://webscript.princeton.edu/%7Eicouzin/website/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/bazazi08.pdf Collective Motion and Cannibalism in Locust Migratory Bands]
 +
*[http://webscript.princeton.edu/%7Eicouzin/website/wp-content/plugins/bib2html/data/papers/couzin07.pdf Collective Minds]
 +
*[http://webscript.princeton.edu/%7Eicouzin/website/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/couzin05.pdf Effective Leadership and Decision-Making in Animal Groups on the Move]
 +
 +
 +
Lecture Slides<br>
 +
[[Media:Couzin SFI 2010.pdf | Iain's Lecture Slides]]

Latest revision as of 17:54, 30 June 2011

Complex Systems Summer School 2011 Modules

Organized by Simon DeDeo and James O'Dwyer

Practical

For the upcoming Emergence module, there will be two options at the practical Tuesday afternoon:

1. for those who have group projects that they are excited about, James and I will join in discussions about how concepts and tools from the lectures can be usefully applied.

2. for those who want focused practice, we will have a guided practical, outlined on the worksheet, on topological defects and the dynamics of phase transitions as applied to physical, biological and social systems.

Readings

Simon DeDeo

Simon's Lectures Page (slides, notes, etc)

Some influential views on emergence

Background concepts, tools and techniques

Many different fields invent similar tools to study emergent phenomena; browse through these below as you like, following in greater depth those that fit your skill set and interests.

Useful, but not directly related

James O'Dwyer

Predicting patterns in biodiversity

Renormalization group analysis of small world network model

Holographic models for condensed matter physics


Slides
O'Dwyer Lecture 1
O'Dwyer Lecture 2

Iain Couzin

(Content from the 2009/2010 Wikis)


Lecture Slides
Iain's Lecture Slides